How to make the filler floorHow to make self-leveling floor? Many articles and videos are devoted to the independent device of self-leveling floors on the Internet. Without joints and seams, aesthetic and durable, with unique performance, self — leveling floors in Moscow and the Moscow region-an absolute hit of recent years and a new stage in the development of flooring. The technology of laying polymer floors is not so difficult to master as in the performance, as it requires great care, concentration and sequence of stages. Make self-leveling floor with their hands possible, if you follow the instructions provided in this article. Remember: the key to success is the correct preparation of the base, that is, its thorough cleaning of old paint, glue, dirt, dust and — if necessary — leveling the floor with a cement screed. When the polymer material is poured on the base, nothing should interfere with its adhesion to the concrete surface, in order to avoid the formation of blisters, bumps and foaming.
Getting a completely flat floor surface is quite a challenge. Today, there are modern self-leveling compounds that can easily spread over the surface and independently form a smooth surface. It is possible to learn how to create a filler floor with your own hands. Despite the simplicity of laying such floors, it is necessary to remember that for high-quality installation must first be well prepared.
Thanks to the rapid development of construction and high technology has made possible the emergence of modern building materials containing polymers in the base, which have excellent performance. All of the above with respect to the installation of the filler floor refers to the polymer flooring. And in recent years have become popular levelling floors. In fact, it is the technology of the device of floor coverings with the help of self-leveling liquid mixture.
the main advantages of the filler floor are:
High wear resistance;
Smooth surface with no gaps or seams;
Sufficiently long service life, more than 40 years;
Good resistance to high humidity;
Resistance to chemical and mechanical stress;
No toxicity and non-Flammability;
ability to repel dust.
It is known that polymer self-leveling floors are most often used where there are large chemical and mechanical loads, high requirements for cleanliness in the room. It turns out that these floors are mainly used in industrial premises, but they are also applicable in an ordinary apartment or house. Since polymer floors do not have seams, they can provide the necessary hygiene. They do not slip, so they can be used in the bathroom, bath or pool, where they can perfectly replace the tile and natural stone. It is not rare for the device of such floors apply 3-D technology. On the basis of applied or pasted decorative pattern, and on top of it is superimposed a transparent smooth layer of material, resulting in the illusion of volume and depth – it's very beautiful. With the ability to create 3-D flood floors, the designers opened almost limitless possibilities of arrangement of the coating and the room as a whole. Now polymer floors are even more often used in apartments and houses.
When laying polymer floors independently, a number of questions may arise, such as: how to make the solution, how to prepare the base, how to create a filler 3-D floor, what tools are needed to create a filler floor.
types and differences of filler floors
The thickness of the polymer layer filler floors are divided into high-filled and thin-layer;
By type of base floors can be divided into water and solvent;
The degree of smoothness of the floors are smooth, rough and moderately rough;
By electrical conductivity is divided into non-conductive, conductive, antistatic;
According to the type of binding elements floors are divided into polyurethane, liquid epoxy, methylmethacrylate, epoxy-urethane.
When choosing the type of polymer filler floor should be guided by the characteristics of the room, operating conditions and requirements for appearance. For example, epoxy-urethane and epoxy coatings can be characterized by high chemical resistance. A methylmethacrylate floors can be used in the presence of low temperatures. For ordinary residential premises, most often use the most common polyurethane filler floors.
For the independent production of the filler of the floor will need the following tools:
preparing the ground:
2 meter long rail;
filling floor Installation:
Buckets with a capacity of 15-20 liters;
Drill with low rpm with a special stirrer;
Staple. It is necessary for the smooth packing of material into corners, under the battery, at the door;
Special MOP with a fixed gap. It is necessary to evenly distribute the material on the surface;
Aeration needle roller. It is desirable that it was in the presence of 3-4 pieces. It is necessary to remove air bubbles.
the most important thing to get a quality floor covering is the preparation of the basis, it is necessary:
To remove the old coating on the floor. Remove skirting boards and doors;
To clean the floor with a metal brush, but it is better to use a grinder. It is necessary to remove the remains of concrete, water-soluble and levelling mixtures;
To clear all the cracked triangular scraper;
To check the horizontality of the floor by means of a two-meter rack. the distance between the rail and the floor must not exceed 2 mm;
To make a marking of level of a filler floor. From the walls remove the plaster to a height of 25 mm from the level of the future floor;
Clean the floor with a vacuum cleaner from dust residues;
A thin layer of mortar in which the resin is added, or an adhesive solution to putty all cracks and breaks in the base. Apply primer to the base with a brush, roller or MOP.